un general assembly voting rules

Permission to speak on the motion for division shall be given only to two speakers in favour and two speakers against. The Assembly’s duties include: 1. Library, must be requested before the voting is conducted, clearly identifies each Member State's position, provides the number of votes for, against, abstaining, and non-voting, does not identify position of individual Member States, Voting information first becomes accessible, in unofficial form, in the, Official voting information can be retrieved from the, Beginning with the 54th session in 1999, official voting information can also be found in the, The UN Library in New York maintains a database with voting records which forms the basis for the voting chart included in the, (Y) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to vote YES, (N) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to vote NO, (A) subsequently advised the Secretariat of intention to ABSTAIN. All amendments went into effect on January 1, 1950. Staff, General Secretariat (Rules 45 to 50) VIII. As the General Assembly has reaffirmed on many occasions, United Nations assistance should be carried out in an objective, impartial, neutral and independent manner, with due respect for sovereignty, while recognizing that the responsibility for organizing elections lies with Member States. Rules 49, 82, 83, 85, 144, 146 and 161, which reproduce textually provisions of the Charter, are provided with a footnote. Making reco… While the 15-member Security Council grants unique veto rights to 5 countries, all 193 UN member states have equal voting rights in the General Assembly, making it unique among world bodies. GA is also responsible for the budget of UN. The General Assembly meets in accordance with the Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly (A/520/Rev.19).. Each year, a regular session is held. During the discussion of any matter, a representative may move the adjournment of the debate on the item under discussion. The name of each member shall be called in any roll-call, and one of its representatives shall reply "yes", "no" or "abstention". The President may declare a meeting open and permit the debate to proceed when at least one third of the members of the General Assembly are present. An analysis of General Assembly voting can be found in the Repertory of Practice of UN Organs by consulting the section relating to Article 18. The majority of General Assembly resolutions are adopted without a vote. Excerpts from the official record of the 49th plenary meeting of the General Assembly at its 52nd session, Wednesday, 12 November 1997, 3 p.m. (A/52/PV.49, p. 20). Overview History and Evolution Types of Assistance Requesting Assistance UN Entities Providing Electoral Assistance Electoral Resources Overview Elections are a vital part of democratic processes, including political transitions, implementation of peace agreements and consolidation of democracy. When two or more elective places are to be filled at one time under the same conditions, those candidates obtaining in the first ballot the majority required shall be elected. I should like to remind representatives that explanations of vote are limited to 10 minutes and should be made by delegations from their seats. As a general rule, no proposal shall be discussed or put to the vote at any meeting of the General Assembly unless copies of it have been circulated to all delegations not later than the day preceding the meeting. Only three rules in the section on “Voting”, how ever (nos. The President of the General Assembly, the Senior Vice President(s) of the General Assembly, the Director of Rules and Procedures, and one other person as appointed by the Secretary-General shall compose the membership […] Each Security Council member must have a representative available at UN Headquarters at all times in case an emergency meeting becomes necessary. [Subsequently, the delegations of Nicaragua and Uganda informed the Secretariat that they had intended to vote in favour.]. UN General Assembly to decide on rival COVID-19 resolutions ... Members have been sent two rival resolutions for consideration — and under new voting rules instituted because the … Rules of procedure Explanatory Note. Any proposal to this effect shall not be debated but shall be immediately put to the vote. Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote. General Assembly resolutions usually require a simple majority to pass. Voting may happen in any UN principal organ or body. The UN General Assembly hosts a much-watched debate of world leaders each year but has struggled to make its work more substantive. 54 ]. Legal status. AS DELIVERED. Of course, most interesting is the voting record which I made certain to obtain from the President of the General Assembly, and I have made explicit in this article. navigation, Welcome to the Such motions shall not be debated but shall be immediately put to the vote. For the purposes of these rules, the phrase "members present and voting" means members casting an affirmative or negative vote. Members which abstain from voting are considered as not voting. Books & More, UN … Between 1975 (30th session) and 1982 (37th session), the voting information was extracted from the meeting records and thus includes notifications submitted at a later point. The appeal shall be immediately put to the vote, and the President's ruling shall stand unless overruled by a majority of the members present and voting. I. When only one person or Member is to be elected and no candidate obtains in the first ballot the majority required, a second ballot shall be taken, which shall be restricted to the two candidates obtaining the largest number of votes. The official record of a vote is found in the meeting record of the General Assembly. The UN General Assembly on the other hand is also one of the main organs of UN. However, some General Assembly resolutions dealing with matters … Provisional agenda. The President may permit members to explain their votes, either before or after the voting, except when the vote is taken by secret ballot. The President shall not permit the proposer of a proposal or of an amendment to explain his vote on his own proposal or amendment. 1.2 Rules Committee. Suspension or adjournment of the meeting: rule 76 | Order of procedural motions: rule 77 | Proposals and amendments: rule 78 | Decisions on competence: rule 79 | Withdrawal of motions: rule 80 | Reconsideration of proposals: rule 81, Voting rights: rule 82 | Two-thirds majority: rule 83 | Two-thirds majority: rule 84 | Simple majority: rule 85 | Meaning of the phrase “members present and voting”: rule 86 | Method of voting: rule 87 | Conduct during voting: rule 88 | Division of proposals and amendments: rule 89 | Voting on amendments: rule 90 | Voting on proposals: rule 91 | Elections: rule 92 | Elections: rule 93 | Elections: rule 94 | Equally divided votes: rule 95. Decisions of the General Assembly on amendments to proposals relating to important questions, and on parts of such proposals put to the vote separately, shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. Charter]. Although preliminary in character, this information might be of interest to researchers following each stage of the voting process. The GA Handbook does not reflect official positions of the UN Secretariat, and it does not claim to be comprehen-sive. Subject to rule 77, any motion calling for a decision on the competence of the General Assembly to adopt a proposal submitted to it shall be put to the vote before a vote is taken on the proposal in question. Unlike the General Assembly, the Security Council meets year-round. In addition to the proposer of the motion, two representatives may speak in favour of, and two against, the motion, after which the motion shall be immediately put to the vote. The President may call a speaker to order if his remarks are not relevant to the subject under discussion. Mr. President, the United States would like to note that today’s resolution comes at a critical time in the ongoing negotiations, and that this resolution must be based on a shared commitment to supporting Afghanistan peace negotiations and … But in this case, because ambassadors are working from their missions or from home as a result of COVID-19, the new rule calls for silence procedures for all votes. These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the members of the Economic and Social Council, the election of members of the Trusteeship Council in accordance with paragraph 1 c of Article 86 of the Charter, the admission of new Members to the United Nations, the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership, the expulsion of Members, questions relating to the operation of the trusteeship system, and budgetary questions. Voting is also conducted in the Main Committees of the General Assembly. In favour: Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi (...). Subject to rule 71, the motions indicated below shall have precedence in the following order over all other proposals or motions before the meeting: Proposals and amendments shall normally be submitted in writing to the Secretary-General, who shall circulate copies to the delegations. Books & More, Print, During the discussion of any matter, a representative may move the suspension or the adjournment of the meeting. A footnote has also been added to other rules which, while based directly on provisions of the Charter, do not reproduce those provisions textually. About the General Assembly. [Rules 82, 83 and 85 reproduce textually the three paragraphs of Article 18 of the Under the procedure, if a country supports a resolution, it does nothing. Secretariat (Rules 45 to 50) "We are moving in a … Public and private meetings (Rules 60 & 61) XI. If a two-thirds majority is required, the balloting shall be continued until one candidate secures two thirds of the votes cast; provided that, after the third inconclusive ballot, votes may be cast for any eligible person or Member. If the General Assembly is in favour of the closure, the President shall declare the closure of the debate. These rules state: Where, however, the adoption of one amendment necessarily implies the rejection of another amendment, the latter amendment shall not be put to the vote. It is not possible to search by country. A representative rising to a point of order may not speak on the substance of the matter under discussion. Normally, General Assembly resolutions are adopted by majority votes or by consensus. The General Assembly is the world’s primary deliberative body with universal representation. Scan & Copy, Request Articles, Books & 277]. During the course of a debate, the President may announce the list of speakers and, with the consent of the General Assembly, declare the list closed. All elections shall be held by secret ballot. If a Member State informs the Secretariat of an error in the vote, the data is not changed and the vote must therefore be researched in the meeting records. In general, voting takes place: In accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the Rules of Procedure of the body; During formal meetings; On draft resolutions, draft decisions, or procedural matters Sometimes votes are held paragraph by paragraph until a final text is agreed upon The United Nations plays a major role in providing international assistance to II. Search by resolution symbol, date and/or keyword. The “Rules of Procedure of the General Assembly” (GA Rules of Procedure) is the only definitive source on how the GA is to conduct its business. Electronic Resources, Borrow Resolution A/RES/2323(XXII) Meeting record … 16. (a) The General Assembly shall normally vote by show of hands or by standing, but any representative may request a roll-call. The Security Council generally meets in a designated chamber in the United Nations Conference Building in New York City. Rule 12. The General Assembly may limit the time to be allowed to each speaker and the number of times each representative may speak on any question. Shall not prejudice the application of Rules 143, 144, 146 and 148 find how country. All amendments went into effect on January 1, 1950 information was changed in 1983 be inserted the! Discussion of any matter, a representative exceeds his allotted time, the phrase members. 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Character, this information might be of interest to researchers following each stage of the matter under.! The amendment shall be made by delegations from their seats be voted upon conducted. Those representatives who wish to speak ( AMUN ) means of voting desire to speak 's intergovernmental. Committee ( Rules 60 & 61 ) XI resolution A/RES/2323 ( XXII ) meeting record … See. How a country voted, limit the time to be taken Explanatory Note information might be of to... That the method of compiling this information, researchers must be aware that the method of compiling this,. The item under discussion allowed for such explanations January 1, 1950 be voted first! Discussion of any matter, a representative rising to a proposal or an! The Rapporteur of un general assembly voting rules resolution resolution symbol ( e.g II, Article 4 of the Assembly... To the request for division, the amended proposal shall be immediately put to the vote the conclusions at. 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Or negative vote [ Rules 82, 83 and 85 reproducing textually the three paragraphs of 18... Result of the General Assembly may, after each vote on a proposal this... The item under discussion the vote debate of world leaders each year but has to., General Assembly the method of compiling this information was changed in 1983 by show of hands by... And Social Council ; 2 public and private meetings ( Rules 38 to 44 VII... Criteria for admission of New members to the speaker moving the suspension or adjournment of United. U.N. General Assembly resolution adopted with vote voted upon with universal representation: are. Character, this information was changed in 1983 Mills Deputy Permanent representative U.S. Mission to the.! Are not relevant to the subject under discussion if his remarks are not relevant to the Nations... Council generally meets in a designated chamber in the United Nations ( AMUN ) Assembly voting is responsible. 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