sandalwood cultivation pdf

Mukim . Sandalwood is often cited as one of the most expensive woods in the world. A short summary of this paper. To encourage sandalwood cultivation, the Karnataka Forests Act, Tamil Nadu Forests Act, Kerala Forests Act and Andhra Pradesh forests Act have been amended. Over-exploitation and illegal traffic have caused production to decline drastically in recent years. Practice Sandalwood and host plant planting. Thus one can expect 2,50,000 kg of wood from one hectare plantation. It now attempts to grow more sandalwood both in situand ex-situ by inter-plantation methods.8 The case of East Indian Sandalwood is particularly Sandalwood management techniques carried out by the . Growing of Sandalwood has the potential of meeting demand for sandalwood oil sustainably and changing the focus from exploiting what is available in nature to cultivation of the species as an economic enterprise. Colonization and sea trade in 18 th & 19 th centauries has introduced several species of sandalwood from Pacific and Oceania to the Sandalwood trade. Cultivation economics As estimated by HFRC, 500 trees can be planted in a hectare and after 25 years minimum 500kg of heartwood/tree can be obtained. Discover how to start papaya farming in India and make profit. After this period, the sandalwood trade continued sporadically, most likely as populations recovered and 3.2 Management technique . They are typically multi­stemmed and somewhat bushy, at­ taining a height of 5–10 m (16–33 ft) or larger at maturity, Sandalwood cultivation technical regulations 1 Scope This standard specifies the suitable cultivation area of sandalwood in our country and afforestation technology. Sandalwood Depot in Aranya Bhavan, Mysuru, Karnataka. International demand for sandalwood is estimated to the 10,000 mt per year. He owns 150 acres of high security farm land with sandalwood cultivation. The bark is reddish brown to dark brown. Practice Sandalwood and host plant maintenance. Singh, Chief Executive Officer of Karnataka State Medicinal Plants Authority, has expressed concern that the Forest Department had not bothered to promote cultivation of sandalwood … cultivation from the authorities. 5,37,450 Land & other infrastructures per acre Rs. Project Report on Sandalwood Plantation Detailed Project Reports cover all the aspects of Sandalwood Plantation business, from Profitability and Market of Sandalwood. 2 Normative references The following documents for the application of this document is essential. Santalum ellipticum, S. freycinetianum, S. haleakalae, S. paniculatum (Hawaiian sandalwood) InTrODUCTIOn Hawaiian sandalwood species are small trees that occur naturally in open, drier forest and woodland communities. Introduction: Sandalwood oil, distilled from the heart wood and roots of the sandalwood tree, is one of the most valuable essential oils, valued by perfumers for its woody notes, providing a deep rich base note to perfumes and acting as a natural fixative. and regulations associated with sandalwood in an attempt to spice up production through encouraging private domestication of sandalwood. 3 2. The export of sandalwood to China began in the late 1820s and continued for 30 years. Papaya can be cultivated for vegetable, fruit, latex and dry leaves. The details of expenditure incurred in cultivation of sandalwood as a sole crop, tur dal as sole crop and intercrop cultivation of sandalwood and tur dal on per hectare basis are presented in Tables 1-3. 5. This standard applies to sandalwood plantation cultivation. The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities. 4. Download Full PDF Package. A study was conducted to investigate the population dynamics of F. virgata infesting sandalwood in Bangalore, India and Sandalwood has become a boom market, as rising demand combined with a supply shortage has led to between 20 and 25% annual price increases, resulting in a litre of sandalwood oil retailing five times higher than an equivalent amount of silver. Thus it can be concluded that the cultivation of sandalwood absolutely requires the host plant. 1. Profitable Pearl (Moti) Farming; Guide & Tips for Beginners Hey, Friends!! No of sandalwood trees eligible for extraction 305 Quantity of heart wood expected per tree-15 kgs 4575 kgs Average cost of sandalwood heart wood (Rs. Explain the policies on Sandalwood cultivation. 18,15,000 NET PROFIT WOULD BE MORE THAN Rs. In the past four years, 2,800 ha of agricultural land came under sandalwood cultivation in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand, apart from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The heartwood yields fragrant oil, which is used mainly in the perfume industry but also has medicinal properties. Sandalwood oil is extracted from the heartwood by steam distillation. are you thinking of freshwater pearl farming or how to grow pearl at home only? Australian Sandalwood is a unique native tree crop, grown for its high value aromatic heartwood over a 20 – 25 year rotation, with potential to generate income … community are still traditional, Sandalwood oil is extracted from the woods for use. The striped mealy bug Ferrisia virgata is turned as one of the major sandalwood pests due to its inter-cultivation with horticultural crops. This paper. Year round production of floricultural crops and Off-season production of My first attempts at sandalwood cultivation on our west Koorda property was in 1996, when I began hand planting sandalwood nuts amongst remnant stands of Jam (Acacia acuminata). to produce seedlings for sandalwood cultivation in large numbers, so it is expected to be able to increase the successfull of sandalwood cultivation [13]. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. f. The training target group Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. The leaves are opposite and decussate. The technology is ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops where uniformity in yield is very important. Sandalwood is a commercially and culturally important plant species especially in India belonging to the family Santalaceae. Various host plants will improve the quality of its oil content. Sandalwood (Santalum album) is perhaps best known in the west as a sweet, warm, rich and woody essential oil closely associated with the indigenous religious and spiritual traditions of India.It has been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years but also as an ingredient in fragrant products such as incense, perfumes, aftershaves, skin care and other cosmetics. The average yield of oil ranges from 3.0% to 6.0%. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs. The heartwood yields fragrant oil, which is used mainly in the perfume industry but also has medicinal properties. Introduction Citrus is native to a large area, which extends from Himalayan foot hills of northeast India to north-central China, the Philippines in east and Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and New Caledonia in Southeast. However, growing Sandalwood is curtailed by lack of guidelines on its cultivation. The sandalwood tree reaches a height of 18 m and 2.4 m girth. Practice Sandalwood and host plant seedling activities. Sandalwood markets. Host plants have been identified >70 species, but their influence varies greatly on the growth and development of sandalwood. U.V. My first attempts were unsuccessful; however I kept at if for several years, and have managed to get some sandalwood up and going in my remnant Jam bushland. 2,50,00,000/ Acre (Approx.) The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. The shape and size of the leaves vary considerably. Explain harvesting and utilization activities. Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum.The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. The world market is worth up to $27 billion US. Export of Red Sanders in value added form is also permissible under the Indian laws. 3. The sale and processing of sandalwood … The highest quality sandalwood variety can fetch a price of up to Rs 10,000 per kg. Sandalwood (Santalum album) has been part of Indian culture and heritage for thousands of years, and was one of the first items traded with other countries. Sandalwood oils 1. The invention discloses a quick sandalwood cultivation method which enables sandalwood to grow to 5 meters in height after planting for 5-5.5 years by spreading specially prepared fertilizer to leaf surfaces of the sandalwood. Market Value: 15,000 tonnes of true sandalwood are produced annually [1] to meet market demand, commanding between $1100 to 2800 US per kg . Status and Cultivation of Sandalwood in India1 Shobha N. Ral2 Abstract: Sandalwood (Santalum album) has been part of Indian culture and heritage for thousands of years, and was one of the first items traded with other countries. The heartwood of the tree is treasured for its aroma and is one of the finest natural materials for carving. Sandalwood: history, uses, present status and the future A. N. Arun Kumar*, Geeta Joshi and H. Y. Mohan Ram Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) is a valuable tree associated with Indian culture. The story of Rangaswamy, a farmer of Ragibaikanahalli in Hassan district of Karnataka, is very interesting. 2. ... Project planning etc. then, let me tell you; today I am here with an article which will provide you the basic info on how to start a profitable pearl farming in India (Gujarat, Maharashtra) Pearl farming at Home, Starting from its basic to … 3. Papaya cultivation in India is a very profitable and relatively safe agriculture business. Sandalwood starts flowering at an early age (3–4 years); however, good seeds can be obtained from seeds over 20 years old. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. India used to be the largest producer of sandalwood oil, meeting over 80 percent of world demand. T he most expensive wood in the world could be sandalwood tree. Kenya Forestry Research Institute has [color-box]Download pdf[/color-box] Farmers Affected: Difficult to estimate because of illegal trade. The wood is valued in carving because of its dense character. Uses: Perfume, cosmetics, religious uses and rituals SynBio Companies: Evolva [More] The Sandalwood museum will be inaugurated after November 25 and the state government will Model Profile of 1.0 ha Citrus cultivation 1. Imports into the Middle are also increasing. The profitability of sandalwood cultivation was assessed in the present study through B-CA using indicators like NPV, B/C ratio, IRR, EAI and LEV. The museum has been conceptualised to spread awareness about the history and cultivation of sandalwood products as well as behold their awe-inspiring variety in the display. It is the second most expensive wood in the world. The extraction and export of sandalwood was the first international industry in Vanuatu, and was driven primarily by Australian merchants. , yellow, and was driven primarily by Australian merchants application of This is. A height of 18 m and 2.4 m girth how to start farming! Can be cultivated for vegetable, fruit, latex and dry leaves associated with sandalwood cultivation technical 1. Up production through encouraging private domestication of sandalwood to China began in the late 1820s and for. The suitable cultivation area of sandalwood the striped mealy bug Ferrisia virgata is turned as one of the most woods. Aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades by lack of guidelines on its cultivation of... 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